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PostPosted: 23 Apr 2010, 09:36 
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http://news.yahoo.com/s/csm/20100422/cm ... 5zZXhwb3I-

By David R. Francis – Thu Apr 22, 10:37 am ET

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When some developing nations can't create enough new jobs for rapidly growing populations, they export people. Younger workers in places like Haiti, Mexico, the Philippines, and Morocco head for better-off countries.

People-exporting pays. It earns valuable foreign remittances for poor nations. It trims unemployment. It can diminish the risks of civil unrest, says Joseph Chamie, of the Center for Migration Studies in New York.

Sometimes the expatriates gain clout in receiving nations, such as Hispanics in the United States or Turks in Germany, as they get citizenship.

Most rich nations have the opposite problem: Fertility rates have dropped below the rate of reproduction. Only a high rate of immigration has kept the US from following the same path. But on both sides of the Atlantic, immigration, especially if illegal, has created an underclass and an anti-immigrant backlash among citizens.

Is this any way to manage a world population headed for 7 billion in two years and 8 billion in two decades? For example: Women in Haiti each have an average of 3.5 children. That exacerbates Haiti's poverty (average annual income of $660) and crowds the island's 9.8 million people (it's already the world's 30th most densely packed nation, just ahead of India). The Haitian economy doesn't provide jobs for all of the country's young people.

Likewise, the Philippines' population has swelled 10-fold since 1900 and the country is only a little less crowded than Haiti. The nation has exported millions of workers throughout East Asia, the Middle East, and elsewhere, sending home $24 billion in 2008 – 14 percent of gross domestic product. Mexico's fertility rate, by contrast, is down to 2.2 children per female, from 5.5 in the 1970s.

These three countries are primarily Roman Catholic. The church opposes artificial contraception as interfering with the creation of life. So it was news in those countries early this month when the Archbishop of Westminster, the Most Rev. Vincent Nichols, told the BBC that he understands why such contraception is seen as "attractive" in tackling third-world poverty. But it is not the role of the church to add to the voice of those championing the use of condoms, he said.

Clearly, many Mexicans already ignore the church's doctrine on birth control.

The Guttmacher Institute estimates 215 million women in the world want to avoid pregnancy but are not using effective contraception. One result is that 20 million have unsafe abortions each year.

Under President Obama, the US has stepped up its foreign aid for family planning and reproductive health. His budget proposal for fiscal year 2011 calls for $715.7 million in bilateral and multilateral such aid. That is up 10 percent from the amount Congress appropriated for fiscal year 2010, notes Population Action International in Washington, and the largest amount ever sought.

The US "is back as an international leader" on these issues, notes the think tank.

In many developing nations, the US and other rich countries fund "death control" – efforts to reduce mortality from such diseases as HIV-AIDS and malaria, notes Mr. Chamie. Now they should fund sophisticated campaigns for birth control that point out that smaller families can enhance education, reduce poverty, and add to happiness.


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PostPosted: 24 Apr 2010, 10:08 
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Our health service would of ground to a halt long ago if it wasn't for the very competent and well qualified Philippino Nurses and the organisations that import and export them. We also gain a large amount of money from people who come and do work that is under employed because the general public refuse to do that sort of work. I think it rather depends on the country. Most of these people then leave when they have accrued money which they then generally use to support there own people. 90% of immigrants for example have returned to their country of origin since the influx of the 50s after the moribund Empire went through its final death throws. This is not I think a bad thing, they are giving a valuable service and it is mutually beneficial. The only thing that is troublesome is illegal immigration and that is the same the world over. Such people are often exploited by criminal gangs and the money made on them goes nowhere but into the hands of dubious people.

The fact is that Westernisation decreases pregnancy rates almost exponentially in some cases. Whilst it's not the churches duty to champion this, Hindu, Mormon or Jew, it is also not their duty to stand in the way of it either IMHO, as populations are generally levelling off in Westernised countries so too will developing countries see this happen. For example the UKs population has been ~60 million for 40 years, our birth rates have pretty much lead to a 0 growth of population. the UK also generally imports as many people as it exports, leaving immigration to make very little impact, and the numbers of non European immigrants are about 4-5% and have been for some time. That is not a bad thing, cultural diversity, well managed, is both a boon in evolutionary terms and financial terms and to the cultural sophistication of a nation.

Every sperm may be sacred, but every persons life is littered with spermatid casualty rates in the billions, if not their mattresses. :P

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PostPosted: 25 Apr 2010, 11:05 
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I have often wondered how Nurses and Domestics from the Philippines rank on the export scale. I am led to believe that they represent a massive workforce in the Asian markets, primarily as Domestic help.


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PostPosted: 26 Apr 2010, 02:35 
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HavenMage wrote:
I have often wondered how Nurses and Domestics from the Philippines rank on the export scale. I am led to believe that they represent a massive workforce in the Asian markets, primarily as Domestic help.


Well at least you have Hispanics for that. :P

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